Government reimburses its employees for business travel. The lodging portion of the allowance is based on the cost for a single room at a moderately-priced hotel. The meal portion is based on the costs of an average breakfast, lunch, and dinner including taxes, service charges, and customary tips. Incidental travel expenses include such things as laundry and dry cleaning. Neighborhoods Mumbai city has many distinctive neighborhoods. The southern tip of Mumbai Island, Colaba, is known for the Gateway of India, a yellow basalt arch built in to commemorate the British presence in India. Just to the north lies the Fort Area, the site of the old British fort around which Mumbai was built.
At about this time, around Ma, north Wales and south Mayo in Ireland experienced volcanic activity. The remains of these volcanoes are still visible, for example Rhobell Fwar, dating from Ma. Large quantities of volcanic lava and ash known as the Borrowdale Volcanics covered both Wales and the Lake District, still seen in the form of mountains such as Helvellyn and Scafell Pike.
In the Silurian Period, between and Ma, the Caledonian fold mountains formed the Caledonian Orogeny , covering much of what is now the UK to perhaps 8, feet 2, m thick. Volcanic ashes and lavas deposited during this period are still found in the Mendip Hills and in Pembrokeshire. Volcanic deposits formed Ben Nevis in the Devonian Period.
Belarus, country of eastern it became independent in , Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union (the larger two being Russia and Ukraine).
Has the Garden of Eden been located at last? By Dora Jane Hamblin By using an interdisciplinary approach, archaeologist Juris Zarins believes he’s found it–and can pinpoint it for us. The author, a frequent contributor, met Dr. Zarins and his Eden theory when writing of Saudi archaeology September and has followed his work since. Then the majestic words become quite specific: The name of the first is Pison: And the name of the second river is Gihon: And the name of the third river is Hiddekel [Tigris]:
Cancer Alley: Big Industry, Big Problems
Integrated geography Integrated geography is concerned with the description of the spatial interactions between humans and the natural world. It requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment. Integrated geography has emerged as a bridge between the human and the physical geography, as a result of the increasing specialisation of the two sub-fields. Furthermore, as human relationship with the environment has changed as a result of globalization and technological change , a new approach was needed to understand the changing and dynamic relationship.
Examples of areas of research in the environmental geography include:
The meaning of the word “Transylvania” is the land beyond the lvania was first referred to in a Medieval Latin document dating from as Ultra Silvam .
Neoclassical location theorists , following in the tradition of Alfred Weber , tend to focus on industrial location and use quantitative methods. Since the s, two broad reactions against neoclassical approaches have significantly changed the discipline: Marxist political economy, growing out of the work of David Harvey ; and the new economic geography which takes into account social, cultural, and institutional factors in the spatial economy.
Economists such as Paul Krugman and Jeffrey Sachs have also analyzed many traits related to economic geography. Krugman called his application of spatial thinking to international trade theory the “new economic geography”, which directly competes with an approach within the discipline of geography that is also called “new economic geography”. Ancient writings can be attributed to the Greek geographer Strabo ‘s Geographika compiled almost years ago.
As the science of cartography developed, geographers illuminated many aspects used today in the field; maps created by different European powers described the resources likely to be found in American, African, and Asian territories. The earliest travel journals included descriptions of the native peoples, the climate, the landscape, and the productivity of various locations. These early accounts encouraged the development of transcontinental trade patterns and ushered in the era of mercantilism.
World War II contributed to the popularization of geographical knowledge generally, and post-war economic recovery and development contributed to the growth of economic geography as a discipline. During environmental determinism ‘s time of popularity, Ellsworth Huntington and his theory of climatic determinism , while later greatly criticized, notably influenced the field. Other influential theories include Walter Christaller ‘s Central place theory , the theory of core and periphery.
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Completed in , the column has stood for more than 1, years. Trajan’s war on the Dacians, a civilization in what is now Romania, was the defining event of his year rule. During the Middle Ages Romanians were also known as Vlachs, a blanket term ultimately of Germanic origin, from the word Walha, used by ancient Germanic peoples to refer to Romance-speaking and Celtic neighbours.
Paved Dacian Road The meaning of the word ” Transylvania ” is the land beyond the forest. Transylvania was first referred to in a Medieval Latin document dating from as Ultra Silvam Ultra meaning “beyond” or “on the far side of …” and Sylva sylvam meaning “wood or forest”. The ruins of Sarmizegetusa Regia — the capital of Dacia present-day Romania prior to the wars with the Roman Empire — are located in Hunedoara county – central Transylvania.
INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY: Mission. The purpose is to promote interaction between geography and mathematics. Publications in which elements of one discipline are used to shed light on the other receive particular emphasis.
Geography[ edit ] View of the Tyrrhenian Sea The village lies on a rocky promontory, which lies on the southern border of the Maremma nature reserve, in a dominant position along the whole stretch of coast arriving at Mount Argentario. The surrounding area is characterized by the presence of vegetation typical of Mediterranean scrub and long sandy beaches, lined by pine trees. History[ edit ] Walls of Talamone. An ancient and flourishing city already during the Etruscan period, which saw a decisive battle in BC between Roman and the Celtic hordes who were heading for Rome.
Talamone was razed to the ground by Sulla for the support that its citizens gave to Marius in his attempt to march against Rome after the return from his African exile. Like Orbetello , the late Middle Ages left few marks on Talamone and control was transferred from among the others the Aldobrandeschi to the Republic of Siena , until in the territory was ceded to Spain and became part of the State of Presidi. The city’s name is also linked to Giuseppe Garibaldi and his Expedition of the Thousand in In his route towards Sicily, he made a stop there to stock up on water and weapons.
It was, however, a union of crowns and not of kingdoms. In size, institutions, traditions, and, partly, even language, the two kingdoms differed greatly. Within the kingdom… Geography The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona , and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin.
The Catalanides have historically separated the industrial towns of the coast from the predominantly agricultural settlements of the hinterlands. North of the Catalanides is a high tableland that comprises most of Lleida province. The principal rivers in Catalonia are the Ter, Llobregat, and Ebro, all of which flow into the Mediterranean.
The Library of Congress has custody of the largest and most comprehensive cartographic collection in the world with collections numbering over million maps, 80, atlases, 6, reference works, over globes and globe gores, 3, raised relief models, and a large number of cartographic materials in other formats, including over 19, cds/dvds.
See Article History Alternative Titles: The autonomous community of Catalonia occupies a triangular area in the northeastern corner of Spain. It is bordered by France and Andorra to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east, the autonomous community of Valencia to the south, and the autonomous community of Aragon to the west.
The autonomous community of Catalonia was established by the statute of autonomy of December 18, The government consists of a Generalitat an executive council headed by a president and a unicameral parliament. The capital is Barcelona. Area 12, square miles 32, square km.
I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God. I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God. Jesus saith unto them, I am [he]. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. Philip saith unto him, Come and see. Nazareth Notes “Nazareth is like a rose, having the same rounded form, enclosed by mountains, as the flower is by leaves.
Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organization of economic activities across the represents a traditional subfield of the discipline of r, many economists have also approached the field in ways more typical of the discipline of economics.. Economic geography has taken a variety of approaches to many different subject matters.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Until it became independent in , Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union the larger two being Russia and Ukraine. While Belarusians share a distinct ethnic identity and language, they never previously enjoyed unity and political sovereignty , except during a brief period in Belarusian history is thus less an isolable national narrative than a study of regional forces, their interplay, and their effects on the Belarusian people.
The territory that is now Belarus underwent partition and changed hands repeatedly; as a result, much of the history of Belarus is inseparable from that of its neighbours. Since independence Belarus has retained close ties to its most dominant neighbour, Russia.
Go Collection Mapping the National Parks This collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately maps dating from the 17th century to the present, Geography and Map Division – Library of Congress. National Digital Library Program Date:
Dakota: A Spiritual Geography [Kathleen Norris] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A beautiful meditation on life in the Great Plains from award-winning author and poet Kathleen Norris. Kathleen Norris invites readers to experience rich moments of prayer and presence in Dakota.
For hundreds of years, through a network of slaveholders and plantations, enslaved Africans and their American-born progeny harvested great wealth from Southern sugar, cotton and other cash crops. Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, Ala. Population is 90, and Today, the South remains largely poor, and ancestors of the slaves who built this nation remain there in large numbers. While black poverty exists across the country, it remains largely concentrated below the Mason-Dixon Line.
While Jim Crow segregation may have ended there half a century ago, it was followed by racist public policy, state sanctioned violence and subjugation.